I’m inclined to agree. Swiss traditional national dress does include ornately embroidered short-sleeved jackets.
Which Beau Rivage?
Beau Rivage is, however, a common name. For me, there were two main contenders for which Beau Rivage was in the photo. They were the historic Beau Rivage Palace and the equally historic Beau Rivage Geneva.
The Beau Rivage Palace in Lausanne, Switzerland, opened in 1861. Its architecture is described on Wikipedia as being Art Nouveau and neo-baroque. The Beau Rivage Geneva – situated, as the name suggests, in Geneva – opened in 1865. Both share architectural features with the building in the photo.
Grand Hotel Beau Rivage
But, after exhaustive googling, I found the right building.
The Grand Hotel Beau Rivage in Interlaken, Switzerland, is an exact match. The windows and lamp pillars are identical. It was built in 1874 and reconstructed in 1899 after a great fire in 1895. It currently belongs to Lindner Hotels, based in Dusseldorf, Germany.
A vintage postcard being sold online shows one of the pillars with a sign protruding from it. The postcard can be currently found here:
So, we can now say with certainty that the photo is of a man and woman in traditional Swiss dress. The building is the Grand Hotel Beau Rivage in Interlaken. And there is absolutely no connection to Mexico.
The man is wearing a Mexican charro outfit. He looks to be wearing a crown or a flower in his hair. The woman seems to have a wire structure protruding from her head, or the wind is blowing her hair up. They could be local musical performers.
The sign says “Beau Rivage Bar“.
Does anyone recognise the building behind the couple? Do you remember a Beau Rivage Bar in Mexico?
A group of teenagers snapped wearing their juvenile jazz band uniforms. On the far left is a group of younger children not in uniform. The haircuts and clothing date the photo to around the 1960s.
The teenagers are holding cigarettes. At the time, those over 16 could smoke in public. There is, however, another possibility. They could be holding candy cigarettes, pretending to smoke for the camera.
Juvenile Jazz Bands
Elizabeth Bird’sJazz Bands of North East England has been my main source on juvenile jazz bands for this post. Bird’s 1976 study provides an oral history of the phenomenon.
You can find another introduction to jazz bands with this 1960 feature from Pathé News:
These children’s marching bands emerged in the mining towns of the North of England and the Midlands. They began around 1920 before dying out just before the second world war. 1952 saw their revival and growing popularity.
They were based on military bands, with close formation marching, discipline, and flamboyant uniforms. The uniform in the photo is a pleated skirt (trousers for the boy), a cloak, gloves, and a hat in the style of a military bearskin. Unlike their pre-war jazz band counterparts, these uniforms were more likely to have been bought than hand-made.
Membership was roughly between the ages of 8 and 18. While pre-war bands were mixed, post-war bands were largely dominated by girls.
Common instruments in the bands were drums and trumpet-like kazoos. The girl at the front of the photo is wearing a snare drum harness (minus the drum) and the boy is holding one of her sticks (the other is tucked neatly by her chest). Kazoos had the benefit of being cheap. They could also be played with little training.
Contrary to their name, they did not specialise in jazz music. Most music played were hymn tunes, marches, and popular songs from the hit parade.
The bands would march in military formation. Each band led by a majorette twirling a long drum major’s mace.
Were you a member of a juvenile jazz band? If you were, please share your memories in the comments below.
Details of the journal article:
Bird, E. 1976, ‘Jazz Bands of North East England: The evolution of a working class cultural activity’, Oral History, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 31-55
Two oval photos likely depicting William Wilson and John Houlding of the Everton Lodge no. 823. On the back of Houlding’s card, there is a declaration that features a monogram formed from his initials. On the back of the other card is a list of the year’s officers.
Everton Lodge 823
The lodge had originally started in 1860 as no. 1125. It was based at Clarence Hotel, Everton (a district of Liverpool). By 1886 it had changed to no. 823 and moved to the Masonic Hall on Hope Street in Liverpool City Centre.
The man in the photo on the right looks very much like John Houlding. He share’s Houlding’s distinctive eyes, facial hair, and combed back hair.
John Houlding, nicknamed ‘King John’, was, among other things, a self-made businessman, brewer, Conservative councillor on Liverpool City Council, and Lord Mayor of Liverpool (1897-98). Born in Liverpool in 1833, he died at the age of 92 in 1902. He would’ve been nearing 44 years old at the time of the picnic.
He had a strong commitment to Freemasonry in Liverpool. As well as Everton Lodge he also attended Hammer Lodge no. 1395. In 1887 he founded Anfield Lodge no. 2215. He became Provincial Senior Grand Warden in West Lancashire and then Senior Grand Deacon in 1897.
The picnic, as the back of the card proclaims, is in honour of John Houlding’s installation. An installation ceremony occurs every year in a Masonic lodge. It is an important event where the new Worshipful Master appoints officers. It was reported by The Liverpool Mercury on the 19th July 1877. The article says the installation happened on the afternoon of the day before, dating it to the 18th.
West Derby Board of Guardians
Also reported by The Liverpool Mercury in their local news section was a meeting of the West Derby Board of Guardians.
Boards of Guardians were established by the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834. They were given the task of administering the local implementation of the law, which included management of the workhouses. The amendment aimed to reform government support to the poor. This particular board governed the Liverpool suburb of West Derby.
The meeting on the 18th was attended, among others, by John Houlding. He dedicated a large portion of his life to the board and became vice-chairman. He must’ve had a busy day, attending both a board meeting discussing workhouse statistics and celebrating his Masonic installation on the same day.
Everton FC and Liverpool FC
We cannot go further without mentioning John Houlding’s main claim to fame – founding Liverpool FC.
The origins of LiverpoolFootball Club lie in Everton FC. Houlding had been President of Everton. He had brought Everton to Anfield in 1884 and then bought the grounds in 1885. Due to a disagreement over rent, the Everton board left Houlding and Anfield in 1892 (there were other grievances, such as Houlding’s insistence that the only ales sold at the stadium should be his own, but the main issue was rent).
Left with a stadium but no team, Houlding decided to create his own. On the 26th January 1892, a new team were born. They were named Everton Football Club and Athletic Grounds Company plc. This was quickly changed to Liverpool FC after the Football League put its foot down on the absurdity of having two teams with the same name.
Here is a list of the names and ranks that appear on both the back of the card and in The Liverpool Mercury:
J. Houlding, WM (Worshipful Master)
W. Wilson, IMP (Immediate Past Master)
H. Ashmore, SW (Senior Warden)
J.S. Cuthbert, JW (Junior Warden)
W.J. Lunt, PM Treasurer (Past Master Treasurer)
P.W. Oglesby, Secretary
R. Webster, SD (Senior Deacon)
J. Boyle, JD (Junior Deacon)
T.H. Carefull, IG (Inner Guard)
J. Beesley, SS (Senior Steward)
J. Hunter, JS (Junior Steward)
W. Boulton, PMDC (Past Master Director of Ceremonies)
R Brough, Organist
The picnic celebrated Houlding’s installation the day before. Hawarden in Wales is quite close to Liverpool and it would’ve been a short hop across the border. The photo cards were perhaps souvenirs of the day. One landmark that may have overlooked their festivities would have been the large 18th Century gothic-style Hawarden Castle.
The Prime Minister connection
William Gladstone, British Prime Minister and fellow Liverpudlian, would later live in Hawarden Castle. Though not a Mason himself, he did have family within the fraternity. Gladstone’s brother, Robertson Gladstone, was, like Houlding, a Freemason and also served as Mayor of Liverpool (1842-43).
So what of the Past Master William Wilson? I have had no luck finding him. All I know is that during the installation on the 18th he received gifts for his time as Worshipful Master. These, according to The Liverpool Mercury, were a PM’s jewel (an elaborate and symbol-rich medal), a clock, and some bronze figures.
Thomas H Careful
As well as the Past Master, I’ve had difficulty discovering who the other men listed on the card were. Their forenames are not given and often several others in Liverpool had the same name. I, however, found who T.H. Carefull had likely been.
In the 1881 Census, Thomas H Carefull is recorded at 56 Windsor Street, West Derby, Liverpool. Born 1843, he lived with his wife Catherine, their two sons and two daughters, and three lodgers. He worked as a steam tug agent.
Both Carefull’s and Houlding’s fortunes were tied to Liverpool’s importance as a trading port for the Empire. The city had boomed under Queen Victoria. And with wealth and industrialisation came poverty and squalor. With both having such personal investment in the continuing success of Liverpool it can be seen why such men would band together in societies that promoted assistance to those unfortunately at the very bottom.
Newspaper coverage of the installation:
(1877) ‘Local News’, The Liverpool Mercury, 19 July, p.6.
Photo of John Houlding:
http://By Unknown – http://www.lfchistory.net/redcorner_articles_view.asp?article_id=2022, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9752361